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Good Jobs, Clean Environment, Green Economy

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The following blog is by cross-posted from the Natural Resources Defence Council Switchboard blog, written by Christina Angelides, NRDC.

America’s manufacturing sector is the largest in the world and reducing energy waste at industrial facilities can provide huge benefits for the companies, workers, and the communities in which they work.  That was reinforced yesterday by the BlueGreen Alliance, a partnership of labor unions and environmental organizations that includes NRDC, with its new Policy on Industrial Energy Efficiency.

The Alliance’s latest policy brief recommends both long-term goals and short-term strategies and federal investments to get us moving in the right direction.  Those strategies include helping companies access financing, supporting cutting-edge technology development to aid our domestic industries in reducing their energy costs, and driving demand for industrial energy efficiency improvement projects.

(Pictured Left: Sikorsky Manufacturing Plant in Stratford, CT)

The U.S. manufacturing sector, which supports nearly 12 million jobs and represents $1.8 trillion worth of gross domestic product, needs to become more energy-efficient to ward off increasing global competition, too.

There’s a great deal that companies and their workers can do together to capture energy savings, create and retain good-paying jobs, and cut pollution in their communities, as the BlueGreen Alliance’s policy brief notes.  The potential for industrial energy efficiency is huge--$47 billion in energy bill savings are currently being left on the table in our industrial sector and cost-effective investments in industrial energy efficiency could reduce energy use by about 20 percent by 2020, according to a McKinsey study. However, financial and other barriers still stand in the way of capturing this potential.

Seeing the Benefits Firsthand

Many of BlueGreen Alliance’s union members already have experienced firsthand the benefits of industrial energy-savings measures in their workplaces:

These workers are all at the forefront of identifying and implementing these measures that will not only cut bottom-line energy costs for their employers, but also boost the competiveness and productivity of our domestic industries.

 

(Pictured Left: ArcelorMittal, Department of Energy, and elected officials at a groundbreaking in front of North America's largest blast furnace, Source: DOE)

Much More Can Be Done

There’s so much more we can do. But, as NRDC’s Executive Director Peter Lehner noted in BGA’s release, we need bold leadership and concerted investments to ensure our manufacturing industry has the tools and resources it needs to cut energy waste, costs, and pollution.  President Obama took a big step last year in advancing national goals for our industry with his Administration’s Executive Order on Accelerating Investment in Industrial Energy Efficiency. The President's recently announced Climate Action Plan will also do much to leverage the energy-saving potential in our manufacturing sector.

But more action is desperately needed by our leaders in Washington to support these goals.  BlueGreen Alliance’s policy recommends a suite of short-term strategies that Congress can adopt to get us on the road to meeting them, including:

We can boost the competiveness of our industries and create and retain jobs through cost-effective energy efficiency improvements—all while improving the health and welfare of our communities.  Our industries and workers have the know-how and proven commercial technologies to spur an industrial energy efficiency revolution. Now we need action by our leaders to support catalysts for industry action, deepened industry expertise and knowledge of existing and new technologies, and standards to drive industry innovation and market demand. Let’s get to work!

Posted In: Natural Resources Defense Council

This blog is cross-posted from the Natural Resources Defence Council's Blog. It is by Frances Beinecke, President of the NRDC.

Millions of Americans woke up Tuesday morning to a changed world. Hurricane Sandy had flooded our streets, ripped down our power lines, and tossed trees into ours homes. Cars, boats, and debris carried by surging waters lay scattered along the roads. Towns and cities had been pummeled, and the storm wasn’t even finished yet. New Jersey was still getting gusts of up to 40 miles per hour and West Virginia was receiving up to 2 feet of snow. Eight million people didn’t have power and probably wouldn’t for days.

It will take months to assess the scope of Sandy’s destruction. But already we know this: the storm didn’t just break records. It upturned lives. Homes, businesses, medical needs, travel plans, nest eggs and more were threatened by the storm. More than 55 people died.

These are the true costs of extreme weather. Now that climate change is increasing the power and frequency of storms like Sandy, more people will be paying the price.

Some leaders ignore climate change, some belittle it, and others counsel patience.  Yet people living in the path of Hurricane Sandy understand that America can’t wait any longer to protect our communities from more extreme weather events.


Queens.Jennifer.Merschdorf.jpb.jpg

Queens, New York. Photo credit: Jennifer Merschdorf

My own communities are among the hardest hit. I grew up in New Jersey and I live in New York, and I never saw anything like Sandy before.  Battery Park, Red Hook, and other neighborhoods were inundated by a 13-foot storm surge. A New York Fire Department company had to evacuate their headquarters via boat. People had to be rescued from their attics when flood waters submerged their Staten Island homes. Atlantic City’s iconic boardwalk was torn to shreds. Empty train cars washed up on the New Jersey Turnpike and had to be lifted off with a crane. New Jersey Governor Christie ordered urban search and rescue missions to try to save people who had not fled in advance of the storm.

“Urban search and rescue” was not a term I heard growing up here, but we have entered a new era. Climate change has begun to make its presence known. It is heating up our oceans and pumping hurricanes and other storms with extra energy, more moisture, and stronger winds. It is swelling our seas, so that storm surges are higher and cause more flooding. From Norfolk, Virginia to Boston, sea levels are rising four times as fast as the global average. Hurricane Sandy cut right along those swollen seas. 

Hoboken.PATH.Station.Port Authority of NY and NJ.jpg

Hoboken PATH Station. Photo credit: Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

Climate change has become pervasive. “The answer to the oft-asked question of whether an event is caused by climate change is that it is the wrong question,” writes Kevin E. Trenberth of the National Center for Atmospheric Research. “All weather events are affected by climate change because the environment in which they occur is warmer and moister than it used to be.”

I know New York and New Jersey are resilient places. I have seen them recover from terrorist attacks and economic downturns, and I am confident communities up and down the East Coast will recover from Hurricane Sandy.

But when will we stop asking them to rebuild in the wake of disasters? When will we start confronting the challenge of climate change before more people are endangered? When will we begin arming our towns and cities with the tools they need to respond to extreme weather?

The longer we wait to have an open national conversation about climate change, the more communities will be in harm’s way. We live in the richest country in the 21st century. Surely we can have a civil conversation about how to prepare and deal with climate change. We can discuss the science, we can debate the politics, we can dispute the policy measures. But we cannot wait any longer.

We must honor the people who suffered through Hurricane Sandy—and the Midwestern drought and the Western wildfires and the numerous other extreme weather events of 2012—and we must confront climate change.

Posted In: Climate Change, Natural Resources Defense Council

The following blog is cross-posted from the NRDC's Switchboard blog.

Energy efficiency and sustainability should be standard business practice for every company. Just listen to Global Head / Sustainability Initiatives at Bloomberg, L.P., Curtis Ravenel explain his views on it:

“This is very consistent with just good business because if you have environmental impact, that means you likely have waste. And if you have waste, you probably have some inefficiency. And if you have some inefficiency, then you likely have money on the table and there’s an opportunity to improve your operating performance.”

Sustainable operations and maintenance increases occupant health and safety, prolongs the life of building finishes and systems, and uses healthier, ecofriendly products and procedures. Sustainable workplaces provide the most effective work environments and strategies at the lowest life-cycle cost. When sustainable workplace concepts are integrated with an organization’s mission, the organization can make decisions that benefit their people, the environment, and their bottom line.

For more information and to see our partners discuss the Tenant Demonstration Project, please visit our website on the commitment at http://www.nrdc.org/business/CGI/.

Posted In: Energy Efficiency, Natural Resources Defense Council

The following is cross-posted from the NRDC's Switchboard blog.

Wrapping paper sales drives, cereal box top campaigns, donation solicitations—as a child of California’s public school system, I was introduced early to fundraising. And while I have nothing but fond memories for the rotating disco ball awarded to me as a top magazine seller of my middle school, I am now beginning to wonder, what if there was a better way to close the funding gap?

Ohio legislators and schools have an answer: a resounding yes, in the form of energy efficiency. Recently named the nation’s leader in energy-efficient schools259 of them LEED certified—Ohio’s education system, by using technologies and retrofitting inefficient buildings to use energy more efficiently, is redirecting capital from fossil fuels toward the schools’ bottom line: improving education. Implementing energy efficiency upgrades saves an average of $100,000 in annual operating costs, or enough money to hire two new teachers, buy 200 new computers, or purchase 5,000 textbooks.

While there are many factors that have led to this favorable outcome, including supporting state policies like Senate Bill 221, playing a central role is energy efficiency performance contractor Brewer-Garrett.

Providing energy efficiency services for more than half a century, Brewer-Garrett works in local schools, manufacturing facilities—including a cheese factory—, and commercial buildings to maximize the efficiency of their energy consumption and minimize their energy bills. Based in the Cleveland area, the company’s long-term success can be traced to the always-in-demand service they provide: lower energy bills.

“Money is tight in Ohio,” says Energy Service Sales Consultant Dan Mitchell.  “[Clients are wondering]” where do you save money?  How do you make improvements?”

Energy efficiency performance contracting is one surefire way. Through a partnership—“marriage, really,” says Mitchell, Brewer-Garrett guarantees that a client aiming to increase a building’s energy efficiency will see significant enough savings to makemoney off of their initial investment, sometimes within as little as two years.  If a client does not see a project’s savings exceed its costs, Brewer-Garrett writes the customer a check for the difference.  “We have a lot of skin in the game,” says Mitchell. “We’re not in the business to write checks.”

What’s more, the company, employing analysts, engineers, and contractors, offers not only audits and consulting, but also the engineering expertise to see a project through in entirety. “A turnkey solution,” says Mitchell, and one that helps clients unlock energy savings to reduce local pollution and energy bills.

In a region struggling to retain capital and jobs, saving money otherwise exported to import dirty energy is a very smart investment indeed.  As more and more buildings realize these savings, more and more jobs are created, both by the building owners and by Brewer-Garrett, which, in addition to hiring nearly ten percent of its 150 person workforce in the past year, is still on the lookout for more new employees.

Beyond increasing its own workforce, Brewer-Garrett is impacting the economy of Cleveland—and Ohio as a whole—by retaining local capital to support job creation. How does energy efficiency create jobs?  As the amount people spend on energy bills declines, the money that would have been spent on fossil fuels is instead redirected to hamburgers and haircuts, which take more labor per dollar to produce.

The economic advantages of energy efficiency are indeed plentiful, but a different type of green benefit cannot be forgotten: the emissions reductions of carbon dioxide and other pollutants. “The greenest energy is the energy you don’t use,” Mitchell points out. Having completed projects that cumulatively save 96 million kilowatt-hours annually, Brewer-Garrett’s work is equivalent to taking nearly 13,000 cars off of the road. Given that Ohio’s electricity is largely generated from dirty coal-fired power plants, these savings have significant environmental, as well as health, implications.

And many projects also have educational implications beyond the monetary savings they provide for schools, by engaging students in the upgrade process. Cleveland State, currently working with Brewer-Garrett on improvements slated to reduce the school’s energy consumption 20%—saving $62.9 million—by 2021, utilizes the efficiency initiative to educate students on energy management. Students of other Ohio schoolsare also benefitting from the hands-on learning opportunities that come with energy efficiency upgrades.

To see that student and faculty engagement plays an integral role in a school’s energy management scheme, Brewer-Garrett partners with energy education specialist theGreen Apple Project to translate their energy upgrades into curricula. Employing an energy project education toolkit that includes, among other things, technologies that measure the energy use of different appliances, the Green Apple Project engages students to be aware of energy management both in school and at home.

Especially in today’s world, lessons in energy efficiency seem much more valuable than the ones I got selling wrapping paper.

Image 1: Brewer-Garrett partnered with Great Lakes Cheese to increase the efficiency of their operations and drive down energy costs. Credit: Greg McDonald, Brewer-Garrett.

Image 2: The recently completed student center at Cleveland State is LEED certified. Credit: Brewer-Garrett.

Posted In: Ohio, Energy Efficiency, Green Schools, Natural Resources Defense Council

The following is cross-posted from the NRDC's Switchboard.

I was on the road this week in Ohio, briefing various transportation advocates and agency officials on NRDC's new polling data showing strong support for more balanced transport policies that favor public transit.

On the flight to Cleveland I perused the most recent issue of The Atlantic magazine and came across an interesting article about why the so-called Millenial generation isn't buying cars or houses. It touched on key issues raised in our poll by noting the undeniable "shift away from traditional suburbs toward denser, urban-light living." The point was that the younger generation is pushing American society toward more sharing and closer living, which favors investment in transit over roads that feed sprawl.

That story dovetailed nicely with a CNN article earlier this week entitled, "Young Americans ditch the car." Apparently it's not just the recession that's keeping young people from this particular rite of passage. As the article explains, "One reason is demographic: The re-urbanization of America is giving more people access to public transportation. The advent of Zipcar and other car-on-demand businesses is eliminating the need to own and insure an expensive vehicle that often isn't driven much. But mostly it's the explosion of social media. Car ownership just may not be as socially important as it used to be."

The implication is that young people are opting out of auto-dependency because they can, thanks to smart phones that allow them to socialize with friends and also the fact that many Millenials are able to live car-free lifestyles in urban areas that offer mobility via public transportation. All the more reason to invest more in transit.

Then, yesterday, as I read USA Today over breakfast in the hotel I spotted a front-page story proclaiming front porches as the "must have" in housing. Thanks to consumer demand, these days two-thirds of new houses are smaller and feature a front porch. (I added a front porch to my house five years ago, so I get the appeal.) But smack-dab in the middle of the piece was this eye-opening comment from Stephen Melman, with the National Association of Home Builders, who called it a positive trend for "public transportation if new construction is starting to be built closer to employment centers or transit." That was followed by a quote from a Philly-based developer who confirmed, "That's what the market wants."

Yet another clarion call for more transit investment!

Finally, today the USA Today ran another related story -- this one about the decline in solo drivers commuting to work in this country. Partly due to "the dismal economy and skyrocketing gas prices" -- and I would argue the market forces driven by Millenials' lack of driving -- "the share of workers driving to work alone dropped slightly from 2010 to 2011 while commutes on public transportation rose nationally and in some of the largest metropolitan areas," according to new Census data. About two-thirds of U.S. metropolitan areas saw jumps in residents using public transit while the share driving to work alone dropped in about two-thirds or more. Just this week the American Public Transportation Association reported the sixth consecutive quarterly increase in ridership (with rail showing the biggest jump).

The reporter dubbed this "group commuting" -- riding buses, trains, subways or sharing cars or vans. I would call it common sense. After all, who wants to fight traffic every day when commuting by transit is so much easier and cheaper? Of course, that's easier said than done for most people. All the more reason to invest in expanding public transportation to make it more accessible and convenient for more Americans to use it.

Posted In: Transportation, Natural Resources Defense Council

Congress BreakThe following blog post is from Andreas Marcotty, Legislative and Policy Aide for the BlueGreen Alliance. 

As Congress returns to DC this week, clean energy advocates across the country are making a stronger case than ever for the support of the American wind industry and economic benefits waiting to be unleashed. After members of Congress left Washington, D.C. to head home for the August recess, over 1,500 wind energy jobs across the country were either lost or put in question due to their failure to extend the Production Tax Credit and Investment Tax Credit for offshore wind. These are critical measures for maintaining the progress the industry has made, and maintaining these 21st century clean energy jobs. 

Three reports by BlueGreen Alliance partners—two by the Natural Resources Defense Council and one by the National Wildlife Federation— layout the state of play for both onshore and offshore wind; driving home the point that wind has and will work for American jobs and an American energy source, if the opportunity is seized. 

NRDC highlights the effects of job creation and economic stimulus from just one American wind farm, revealing that 1,079 direct jobs are generated, the majority of which in are manufacturing, construction and operation and highlights the power of a domestic supply chain. 

Additionally, NRDC looks at the community benefits of embracing wind power as an additional revenue source and enabling further economic development (not to mention on average $8,000 per windmill for rural landowners). A strong wind energy industry compounds manufacturing activity and workforce development as shown in Canton, Ohio among surrounding areas where 19 communities are involved in the wind supply chain, including the first center for wind energy development and research of its kind. 

The National Wildlife Association draws special attention to the unique role offshore wind could play for the United States. Their report: “The Turning Point for Atlantic Offshore Wind Energy: Time for Action to Create Jobs, Reduce Pollution, Protect Wildlife & Secure America’s Energy Future” outlines a way forward to capture the massive wind resources off the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. NWF found that by generating wind from just 4% of the 54 gigawatts of the identified energy available, the United States could benefit from $200 billion in economic activity and 300,000 jobs. 

These reports agree on many things, but chief among them, is that clean energy can provide a way forward for a 21st century clean energy economy, and that the American worker will take us there.

Hear BGA's Yvette Pena Lops on the National Wildlife Federation's call below.

Flash Required
Posted In: Clean Energy, Energy Efficiency, National Wildlife Federation, Natural Resources Defense Council

Today, the White House finalized cleaner car standards that will increase fuel efficiency to the equivalent of 54.5 mpg for cars and light-duty trucks by 2025. Achieving this would nearly double the fuel efficiency of cars and pickup trucks on the road today and cut carbon emissions per vehicle mile traveled nearly in half.

Below is the BlueGreen Alliance statement from our Executive Director David Foster:

These cleaner car standards will create 570,000 new jobs here in the U.S.—50,000 in parts manufacturing and vehicle assembly of light-duty vehicles alone—and add a net increase of about $75 billion in annual Gross Domestic Product by 2030 to the U.S. economy. Fuel savings consumers will see from these cleaner, more efficient cars and light trucks will far outweigh slightly higher costs for these advanced vehicles—benefiting workers, their families, and the economy as a whole. 

“These standards are an incredible victory. Already, Americans are flocking to these more fuel-efficient cars, creating jobs here at home and reducing carbon pollution and our nation’s dependence on foreign oil. 

“Supported by automakers, union members, environmental organizations, consumer groups and citizens across the country, this is truly an American success story—and a model for how government and industry can work together to achieve goals that benefit our economy and environment. “


We weren't the only ones who were excited about this important event. Our labor and environmental partners also praised this effort by the Obama adminsitration to reduce our dependence on foreign oil and greenhouse gas emissions, while creating good jobs for American workers. Below are excerpts from statements from some of our partners:

United Autoworkers President Bob King

UAW President Bob King said, “These new standards will help propel the auto industry forward by giving American families long-term relief from volatile fuel prices. Lowering the total cost of driving will make automobiles more affordable and expand the market for new vehicles.”

“The standards will also provide certainty for manufacturers in planning their investments and creating jobs in the auto industry as they add more fuel-saving technology to their vehicles. Bringing this additional content to market requires more engineers and more factory workers, expanding employment in the industry,” King added. A 2012 study by the BlueGreen Alliance, “Gearing Up,” found that the standards finalized today will lead to the creation of 570,000 new jobs by 2030, largely because consumers will spend less on fuel and more on other goods and services.

“This new standard caps off a remarkable set of achievements by President Obama to save the domestic auto industry and put it on a path to long-term prosperity,” said King. “Cleaner vehicles that significantly reduce our nation’s oil consumption are good for the auto industry and its workers, good for the environment and good for our nation’s economy.”


Natural Resources Defense Council
 President Frances Beinecke

These standards will save consumers $1.7 trillion at the gas pump and cut our oil imports by one-third. They also represent the biggest step America has taken to reduce carbon pollution and combat climate change.

Building cleaner cars is already helping regain something America lost over the last few decades. Detroit once led the world in auto design and engineering prowess, but innovations stalled and foreign competitors passed us by. Driving used to be a symbol of American freedom and mobility, but soaring gas prices resulted in costly commutes and staycations.

We can reignite America’s love affair with the open road and our patriotic pride in American ingenuity. If U.S. engineers made it possible for every new car to include a computer more powerful than the one that sent a man to the moon, then surely they can produce cars that go farther on a gallon of gas.

They can, and they are.


National Wildlife Federation
 President and CEO Larry Schweiger

“New fuel efficiency rules are a win across the board – drivers will save money with more efficient vehicles, automakers will get the regulatory certainty they need, and all Americans will benefit from cleaner air, a stronger economy, and greater energy security. This administration deserves credit for finding common ground among a broad range of stakeholders, showing government can work for Americans to solve our biggest environmental and economic problems.


Union of Concerned Scientists
Director of Clean Vehicles program Michelle Robinson

“This is truly a watershed moment. Twenty years from now we’ll be looking back on this as the day we chose innovation over stagnation,” said Michelle Robinson, director of UCS’s Clean Vehicles program. “These standards will protect consumers from high gas prices, curb global warming pollution, cut our oil use, and create new jobs in the American auto industry and around the nation.”


Sierra Club
Executive Director Michael Brune

"With June and July registering as the hottest months on record, and droughts ravaging America’s heartland, these standards are a major victory for our planet and our families. They will also save families thousands of dollars at the pump and create more than half a million new jobs.

"American automakers are roaring back as leaders of the global market because they are delivering what consumers want -- vehicles that use less gas, emit less pollution, and save families more money at the pump. Today Sierra Club, automakers, and autoworkers stand together to celebrate success for American industry, jobs, and the environment.” 

Posted In: Auto, Union of Concerned Scientists, United Auto Workers, Sierra Club, Natural Resources Defense Council, National Wildlife Federation

New Chart and Graphic Shows State-By-State Breakdown of Jobs Created, Gasoline Saved, Net Savings to Consumers and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction 

With the imminent Obama Administration announcement of historic fuel-efficiency standards for vehicles (54.5 miles per gallon, on average, by 2025), the BlueGreen Alliance and the Natural Resources Defense Council have assembled a detailed accounting of the huge benefits that are projected to accrue by the year 2030. 

The data include a state-by-state breakdown of the 570,000 jobs that could be created in the United States by 2030 — as well as other benefits from the standard. In addition to the jobs created, the country will save nearly 23 billion of gasoline in 2030 alone, resulting in $54 billion in net savings to consumers and the reduction of 270 million metric tons of carbon dioxide pollution, which helps cause global warming. 

The upcoming 54.5 mpg standards promise to bolster the strong automobile recovery we are seeing today. The chart and graphics with state-by-state numbers can be found below. Click them to see the larger version.

2030 State Benefits of Achieving 54.5 mpg-equivalent Fleet Average in Model Year 2025 

Sources: Natural Resources Defense Council and BlueGreen Alliance

  • State fuel and pollution savings are from analysis by NRDC. These figures update and augment similar tables provided in NRDC’s “Relieving Pain at the Pump” publication from April 2012. Main adjustments include updates to fuel prices and vehicle miles traveled per the latest forecasts in the Energy Information Administration’s Annual Energy Outlook 2012.
  • State jobs figures are from BlueGreen Alliance’s analysis for “Gearing Up: Smart Standards Create Good Jobs Building Cleaner Cars”, June 2012. 

Table 1: Jobs Created and Annual Consumer Savings of Model Year 2017 to 2025 Standards in 2030

State

Jobs Created by 2030

Fuel Savings (million gallons)

Fuel Savings

($ millions)

Net Savings = Fuel Savings Minus Incremental Cost of Fuel-saving Technologies ($ millions)

Carbon Pollution Reduction (Thousands of metric tons of CO2-equivalent)

Alabama

11,000

380

$1,615

$1,010

4,510

Alaska

1,200

45

$200

$105

555

Arizona

11,000

685

$2,920

$1,730

8,055

Arkansas

6,200

255

$1,055

$665

3,015

California

62,000

2,435

$10,405

$5,470

28,610

Colorado

8,500

385

$1,640

$935

4,530

Connecticut

6,600

235

$1,025

$580

2,760

Delaware

1,400

70

$295

$175

830

District of Columbia

470

30

$145

$85

405

Florida

31,000

2,095

$8,795

$5,345

24,585

Georgia

21,000

810

$3,410

$2,045

9,535

Hawaii

1,800

75

$320

$165

885

Idaho

2,600

120

$525

$305

1,450

Illinois

21,000

700

$2,945

$1,395

8,210

Indiana

12,000

365

$1,550

$740

4,325

Iowa

6,300

185

$790

$415

2,210

Kansas

5,300

180

$775

$420

2,160

Kentucky

9,900

360

$1,520

$960

4,250

Louisiana

10,000

360

$1,485

$925

4,250

Maine

2,800

95

$415

$235

1,120

Maryland

13,000

480

$2,030

$1,220

5,675

Massachusetts

12,000

450

$1,960

$1,115

5,280

Michigan

20,000

570

$2,415

$1,145

6,730

Minnesota

10,000

395

$1,660

$905

4,630

Mississippi

6,800

225

$965

$615

2,695

Missouri

14,000

410

$1,725

$940

4,810

Montana

2,000

70

$305

$170

840

Nebraska

3,500

115

$485

$260

1,350

Nevada

4,400

275

$1,185

$705

3,265

New Hampshire

2,900

105

$455

$265

1,235

New Jersey

18,000

520

$2,220

$1,120

6,100

New Mexico

3,900

135

$575

$330

1,585

New York

24,000

1,055

$4,505

$2,285

12,380

North Carolina

18,000

875

$3,675

$2,235

10,280

North Dakota

1,500

35

$165

$85

460

Ohio

21,000

635

$2,685

$1,245

7,475

Oklahoma

7,700

310

$1,270

$795

3,635

Oregon

6,400

290

$1,240

$665

3,415

Pennsylvania

21,000

720

$3,085

$1,540

8,485

Rhode Island

1,600

70

$325

$185

875

South Carolina

12,000

360

$1,520

$910

4,250

South Dakota

1,600

50

$210

$110

585

Tennessee

13,000

585

$2,460

$1,565

6,865

Texas

52,000

2,405

$9,865

$6,260

28,215

Utah

4,500

185

$805

$460

2,220

Vermont

1,400

45

$200

$115

550

Virginia

17,000

690

$2,895

$1,735

8,095

Washington

11,000

510

$2,190

$1,165

6,025

West Virginia

3,500

125

$540

$320

1,510

Wisconsin

10,000

335

$1,415

$670

3,950

Wyoming

1,400

35

$150

$80

415

U.S. Aggregate

570,000

22,930

$97,010

$54,920

270,130

For additional background information on the new fuel efficiency standards, see http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/plehner/obama_administration_set_to_fi.html

Posted In: California, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Kansas, Jobs21!, Energy Efficiency, Transportation, Natural Resources Defense Council

This blog is cross-posted from Peter Lehner's NRDC SwitchBoard blog.

t's been a long, hot, and largely unproductive summer in Washington. Members of Congress head home this month, leaving behind plenty of unfinished business and an ideological divide that remains as wide as the Potomac. The Obama administration, however, is about to pull off a major feat of governance, based on the sort of constructive compromise that seems to have eluded this Congress. In the next few weeks, President Obama will sign off on stronger fuel efficiency standards, created in conjunction with U.S. automakers and environmental groups, that will save consumers big money at the gas pump, create half a million American jobs and dramatically improve our environment.

The administration is finalizing the details of a program that will raise the average fuel efficiency of our new passenger vehicle fleet to the equivalent of 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. On average, our new cars will go nearly twice as far on a gallon of gas than ever before, providing drivers with much-needed relief from pain at the pump and protection from the volatility of gas prices. In total, the new fuel efficiency standards, when combined with the first phase of higher standards implemented in 2012, will put $1.7 trillion back into consumers' pockets over the life of the program.

We're already seeing results from the first phase of improved fuel efficiency standards issued under this administration, and their benefits have exceeded expectations. In the three years since the standards were announced, automakers have doubled the number of gas-sipping models on the market, according to automotive analysts Baum & Associates, giving car buyers twice as many fuel efficient cars to choose from. And according to Consumer Reports, this is exactly what consumers want: a May 2012 survey found that fuel efficiency--traditionally not a strength of American cars--is by far the top concern for car buyers. According to Automotive News, carmakers are better prepared to meet this demand now, thanks to the certainty provided by fuel-efficiency rules, which has encouraged automakers to make the long-term investments necessary to bring new technologies to market. The article states: “Many automakers believe that the work they've done since the last big price surge, and in anticipation of higher government fuel-economy standards, leaves them better prepared this time, with stables of more competitive small cars and crossovers."

The standards set an average; not every car will have to attain 54.5 mpg.  Minivans, pickups, sports cars and other vehicle classes will still be on the market, delivering the same features as earlier models, but with significant improvements in fuel efficiency. Consumers will still have plenty of choice, and get more bang for their bucks.

In addition to delivering consumer choice, the standards, just as we've seen withenvironmental safeguards in the past, can have a powerful and beneficial effect on the market by driving innovation and creating new opportunities for American workers and companies. Auto sales and profits are up this year, while the first half of 2012 has set the record for the highest-ever fuel efficiency for new vehicles in American automotive history. Auto industry jobs have grown by 24 percent since 2009, adding 150,000 jobs in motor vehicle and parts manufacturing, according to official Bureau of Labor Statistics data.

Finalizing the 54.5 mpg standards will lead to even more jobs, as the auto industry, encouraged by the certainty provided by the new standards, continues its push to develop innovative technologies and manufacture new, efficient products. As my colleague Roland Hwang points out, “America no longer has to cede fuel-sipping technological manufacturing to the European and Japanese markets.” Car companies are even moving production of hybrids, battery packs, and components like start/stop engine starters back to the United States in a remarkable "onshoring" trend.

Last, and certainly not least, the environmental benefits of this rule are impressive. The gas savings we will achieve as a nation by 2030 will allow us to cut oil imports by one-third, and reduce carbon pollution equal to the emissions from 90 million cars.

Compare this striking accomplishment with what the House Republicans have done this week, in the same arena. The House just passed a sweeping, radical bill that would block mileage standards from going forward for years. The bill would impose a moratorium on new standards of any kind -- even if they will create jobs and are supported by industry. Fortunately, that bill won’t become law, but its passage provides a telling contrast in approaches to governance: rather than forging agreements that result in widespread benefits to the nation as a whole, members of the House appear to be working toward a goal of shutting down the government's ability to accomplish anything.  

By embracing fuel efficiency, the administration has found common ground between many disparate groups. About a year ago, I attended a White House ceremony announcing the new standards, where the president spoke alongside members of United Auto Workers, the heads of Detroit's Big Three, EPA officials, state legislators and members of Congress. All these groups put their shoulders to the wheel and decided to do what's best for the country, now and for the future. The results of this historic agreement are already proving to be a win for consumers, for the auto industry, for American workers and for the environment. We will be seeing the benefits of this historic rule for decades to come.


Posted In: Auto, Natural Resources Defense Council

This blog was written by Natasha Patel, communications intern for the BlueGreen Alliance.

On Tuesday, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that the controversial chemical found in plastics known as bisphenol A (BPA) is now banned for use in baby bottles and sippy cups.

The American Chemistry Council pushed for the move back in October to alleviate any concerns from consumers regarding the negative effects of BPA resins found in infant products such as bottles, sippy cups, lids, and closures.

BPA has had a negative history with consumer advocacy groups due to studies that highlight the possible linkage between hormone disruption and cancer, obesity, reproductive, and developmental problems in children and adults.

While an impressive move by the FDA, BPA remains legal in most food packaging products. The decision to remove it or not is with the companies who use it in their packing; some companies — such as canned food manufactures — have completely removed BPA from their lining, other companies still widely use it.

According to a news release from the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) — a BlueGreen Alliance partner — by Dr. Sarah Jannsen, this ban will offer only “limited protections” against the chemical. She calls the attempt by the FDA “half-hearted” and urges them to ban BPA from all food packaging to fully protect the health of both children and adults. 

Posted In: Work, Environment and Public Health, Natural Resources Defense Council
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